Claudia Cuche-Curti is Town Chronicler (Stadtschreiberin) since 2012, and Peter Saile is Legal Counsel (Rechtskonsulent) since 2000 for the City Council. Traditional dishes include Zürcher Geschnetzeltes and Tirggel. , Weltklasse Zürich, sometimes referred to as the one-day Olympics, is a one-day athletics meet held annually at the Letzigrund Stadium. Some examples are Bilanz, Die Weltwoche, Annabelle, Schweizer Familie and Schweizer Illustrierte.  The Zürifäscht, on the other hand, is a triennial public festival. These are the NZZ am Sonntag, SonntagsZeitung and SonntagsBlick. The highest recorded temperature in Zürich was 37.7 °C (100 °F), recorded in July 1947, and typically the warmest day reaches an average of 32.2 °C (90.0 °F). Since 2008, the SIX Swiss Exchange has been part of the SIX Group, as SWX Group, SIS Group and Telekurs Group merged. , Zürich is partnered with two sister cities: Kunming and San Francisco.. The most famous districts for Nightlife are the Niederdorf in the old town with bars, restaurants, lounges, hotels, clubs, etc. Lake Zurich: 406 m (1,332 ft) 1,082 m (3,550 ft) 2,396 m (7,861 ft) 12 Appenzell Ausserrhoden: Säntis: 2,502 m (8,209 ft) Lutzenberg: 440 m (1,444 ft) 935 m (3,068 ft) 2,062 m (6,765 ft) 12 Appenzell Innerrhoden: Säntis: 2,502 m (8,209 ft) , The average high temperature in July is 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) and average low temperature is 14 °C (57.2 °F). Bullinger took over his role as the city's spiritual leader.  Later here was erected Turicum (a toponym of clear Celtic origin), a tax-collecting point for goods trafficked on the Limmat, which constituted part of the border between Gallia Belgica (from AD 90 Germania Superior) and Raetia: this customs point developed later into a vicus. Major parks are also located along the lakeshore (Zürichhorn and Enge), while smaller parks dot the city. The people's initiative "40 metres (130 feet) is enough," which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November 2009. It consists of decorated sculptures distributed over the city centre, in public places. Save. Even if you don´t feel well, it is not a dangerous condition - it disappears immediately after getting lower. The Quaianlagen are an important milestone in the development of the modern city of Zürich, as the construction of the new lake front transformed Zürich from a small medieval town on the rivers Limmat and Sihl to an attractive modern city on the Zürichsee shore, under the guidance of the city engineer Arnold Bürkli. 2. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the City Council. As many as 30 clubs and 7 indoor curling facilities can be found in the greater Zürich area.  The Latin stress on the long vowel of the Gaulish name, [tʊˈriːkõː], was lost in German [ˈtsyːrɪç] but is preserved in Italian [dzuˈriːɡo] and in Romansh [tuˈritɕ]. Since 2013, the international Openair Literatur Festival Zürich takes place annually in Zurich, presented by Literaturhaus Zürich and Kaufleuten. Thus, 20% of the population speak two or more languages at home.. There are specific maps available for hiking and walking trails throughout Switzerland. The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the City of Zürich and operates as a collegiate authority.  Three main goals are specified: First, the modal share of bicycle traffic should be enhanced to twice the value of 2011 by 2015. Zürich attracted other influential Protestant Reformers like Heinrich Bullinger. Morales met with Blatter on Thursday to protest against the ban on high-altitude soccer matches. An important event in the early 14th century was the completion of the Manesse Codex, a key source of medieval German poetry. If possible, stay below 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) for a full day while you acclimate. Level Contributor . Show less. Thus, Zürich became the fifth member of the Confederacy, which was at that time a loose confederation of de facto independent states.  Decisive for the climate of Zürich are both the winds from westerly directions, which often result in precipitation and, on the other hand, the Bise (east or north-east wind), which is usually associated with high-pressure situations, but cooler weather phases with temperatures lower than the average. In the past ten years[when?] the elevation at City Hall is 11.5 feet above sea level. In 1648, Zürich proclaimed itself a republic, shedding its former status of a free imperial city. Home type. Of registered inhabitants (in 2016), 32% (133,473) do not hold Swiss citizenship. The first development towards its later, Germanic form is attested as early as the 6th century with the form Ziurichi. Level Contributor . Zurich se situe au nord-est de la Suisse, dans la partie est du plateau suisse, à l'extrémité nord du lac de Zurich et à environ 30 km des Alpes.La ville se trouve dans une ancienne vallée glaciaire, à 408 m d'altitude, là où la rivière Limmat naît du lac de Zurich avant d'être rejointe par la Sihl (voir carte de localisation). The banks of the Limmat constitute the densest part of the city.  After Emperor Constantine's reforms in AD 318, the border between Gaul and Italy (two of the four praetorian prefectures of the Roman Empire) was located east of Turicum, crossing the river Linth between Lake Walen and Lake Zürich, where a castle and garrison looked over Turicum's safety. Zürich is home to several international sport federations. A number of magazines from major publishers are based in Zürich. GROUND SPEED. Zürich is situated at 408 m (1,339 ft) above sea level on the lower (northern) end of Lake Zürich (Zürichsee) about 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of the Alps, nestling between the wooded hills on the west and east side. Extensive developments took place during the 19th century. New Year's Eve run is another important running event. , In 1893, the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.. Tickets purchased for a trip are valid on all means of public transportation (train, tram, bus, boat). In 2008, the average monthly income was about CHF 7000 before any deductions for social insurances and taxes. The consulting firm Mercer has[when?] From the northwest to the southeast, the height of the mostly wooded knolls generally increases: the Gubrist (615 m or 2,018 ft), the Hönggerberg (541 m or 1,775 ft), the Käferberg (571 m or 1,873 ft), the Zürichberg (676 m or 2,218 ft), the Adlisberg (701 m or 2,300 ft) and the Öschbrig (696 m or 2,283 ft). TRACK. Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. . ) The northernmost part of the municipality extends to the plain of the Glatt valley and to the saddle which makes the connection between the Glattal and Furttal. Zürich is also one of the co-location centres of the Knowledge and Innovation Community (Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. 1. The Dada movement was founded in 1916 at the Cabaret Voltaire. The prehistoric settlements at Enge Alpenquai and Grosser Hafner and Kleiner Hafner are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zürich. It has two dépendances: Pfauen in the Central City District and Schiffbauhalle, an old industrial hall, in Zürich West. ] Two of Switzerland's most distinguished universities are located in the city: the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich), which is controlled by the federal government, and the University of Zürich, under direction of the canton of Zürich. October has the lowest number (9.9) of days with some precipitation. In response, the responsible city department points to the big investments made every year and mentions ongoing discussions that would finally lead to even better results. It is the largest public festival in Switzerland and attracts up to 2 million visitors.. The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace. Km . , In the 5th century, the Germanic Alemanni tribe settled in the Swiss Plateau. The SIX Swiss Exchange goes back more than 150 years. Zwingli started the Swiss Reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in the 1520s, at the Grossmünster. Also hiking trails are well marked with yellow signs, which give the hiker the probable time it will take them to reach their destination. It happens most often when people who are not used to high altitudes go quickly from lower altitudes to about 2438 meters or 8000 feet. The traditional cuisine of Zürich reflects the centuries of rule by patrician burghers as well as the lasting imprint of Huldrych Zwingli's puritanism. Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Zürich first on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within". As of early 2020, Zürich HB served around 470,000 passengers and nearly 3,000 trains every day.  At this time in Zürich about a dozen high-rise buildings were under construction or in planning, including the Prime Tower as the tallest skyscraper in Switzerland. Nevertheless, for the last twenty years, both confessions have been reduced by 10%, to the current figures (census 2010): 30% Roman Catholic, and 26% Swiss Reformed (organized in Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich). for Zurich, Mannheim. Later, busts of Schiller, Shakespeare and Goethe were also added. Closest 30 localities: 1. The legislative body holds its meetings in the town hall (Rathaus), on the right bank of the Limmat opposite to the City Hall (Stadthaus). Zürich Marathon is a long distance running event, covering 42.195 kilometers (26.219 mi) at one stretch. I go regularly to Lauterbrunnen which is at a very comfortable altitude of less than 3,000 feet. The object was the size of a house.  The Ballet Zürich performs at the opera house. In November 2008 the people of Zürich voted in a public referendum to write into law the quantifiable and fixed deadline of one tonne of CO2 per person per annum by 2050. The Schauspielhaus Zürich is the main theatre complex of the city. The city previously co-hosted the 1953 and 1939 editions. Second, cyclists' safety should be improved to lower the overall accident risk. An indescribable experience on the Limmat, Luckhausen 7, Illnau-Effretikon, Switzerland, Zentralstrasse 18, Volketswil, Switzerland, Greifenseestrasse 73, Schwerzenbach, Switzerland, Turicaphonstrasse 6, Riedikon, Switzerland, Elevation of 84 Stingy Hollow Rd, Staunton, VA, USA, Elevation of Crestwood Dr, Louisville, TN, USA, Elevation of Barber Hill Dr, Waynesville, NC, USA, Elevation of Lakeview Pkwy, Villa Rica, GA, USA, Elevation of Pelham Academy-Academics, Wallace Ave, The Bronx, NY, USA, Elevation of Kenwood Dr, Hood River, OR, USA, Elevation of Sweet Bay Dr, Mississippi, USA.  Record low of average daily temperatures in March since 1864 is −12 °C (10 °F) and record high of average daily temperatures in March is 16 °C (61 °F). It is located in north-central Switzerland, at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around 1990. Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich. Zwingli translated the Bible (Zürich Bible) into the local variety of German, and introduced the Reformation by winning support of the magistrates, the princess abbess Katharina von Zimmern, and the largely peasant population of the Canton of Zürich. In accordance with the loss by the large Swiss churches, the number of people declaring themselves as non-affiliated rose to 17% in the year 2000. , The official formal language used by: governmental institutions, print, news, schools/universities, courts, theatres and in any kind of written form is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, while the spoken language is Zürich German (Züritüütsch), one of the several more or less distinguishable, but mutually intelligible Swiss German dialects of Switzerland with roots in the medieval Alemannic German dialect groups. The institution of the bike tunnel at the main railway station, originally planned for 2016, is currently (2016) delayed to at least 2019. The name is interpreted as a derivation from a given name, possibly Gaulish personal name Tūros, for a reconstructed native form of the toponym of *Turīcon. The political power of the convent slowly waned in the 14th century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung (guild laws) in 1336 by Rudolf Brun, who also became the first independent mayor, i.e. Also, a part of the Katzensee (nature reserve) and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. The famous illuminated manuscript – described as "the most beautifully illumined German manuscript in centuries;" – was commissioned by the Manesse family of Zürich, copied and illustrated in the city at some time between 1304 and 1340. Neither side had attained significant victory when peace was agreed upon in 1446, and Zürich was readmitted to the confederation in 1450.. The Sihl meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the Swiss National Museum. Morales met with Blatter on Thursday to protest against the ban on high-altitude soccer matches. Some of the most accessible walks in the Zürich area are the Uetliberg and the Zürichberg. , The population of Jewish ethnicity and religion has been more or less constant since 1970, at about 1%. In 1996, an electronic trading platform replaced the open outcry trading system at the stock exchanges of Geneva (founded in 1850), Basel (1866), and Zürich (1873). The city is called Zurich [zyʁik] in French, Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo] in Italian, and Turitg [tuˈritɕ] (listen) in Romansh. , The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 4 March 2018 for the mandate period of 2018–2022. Close. , In the 2019 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 25.6% (-6) of the vote. , In a 2009 survey by CityMayors.com, Zürich was ranked 9 among the "World's 10 Most Powerful Cities". Once a year, it hosts the Zürcher Opernball with the President of the Swiss Confederation and the economic and cultural élite of Switzerland. The Treaty of Zürich between Austria, France, and Sardinia was signed in 1859..  As of May 2018[update], the Municipal Council consist of 43 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP), 21 The Liberals (FDP), 17 members of the Swiss People's Party (SVP), 16 Green Party (GPS), 14 Green Liberal Party (GLP), 10 Alternative List (AL), and four members of the Evangelical People's Party (EVP), giving the left parties an absolute majority of 69. , See also List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland. The railway network is mainly operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), but Zürich is also served by major EuroCity trains from the neighbouring countries and is a destination for both French/Swiss (TGV Lyria) and German (ICE) high-speed trains, as well as by Austrian RailJet. As a result, the city is home to many multilingual people and employees generally demonstrate a high degree of motivation and a low level of absenteeism. Koschorreck and Werner 1981 discern no fewer than eleven scribes, some working simultaneously, in the production. Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground. , On 1 May 1351, the citizens of Zürich had to swear allegiance before representatives of the cantons of Lucerne, Schwyz, Uri and Unterwalden, the other members of the Swiss Confederacy. First of all, if you fly into Switzerland, you’ll land at a relatively low elevation (1,411 feet at the Geneva Airport, and 1,417 feet at the Zurich Airport). There is also an airfield in Dübendorf. In addition to high-quality museums and galleries, Zürich has high-calibre chamber and symphony orchestras and several important theatres. The executive body holds its meetings in the City Hall (German: Stadthaus), on the left bank of the Limmat. Zürich was accidentally bombed during World War II. Not even the crickets were singing. The city is located in the north of Switzerland, on the shores of the lake of the same name, which are located at an altitude of 400 meters (1,300 feet). For other uses, see, Capitals of European states and territories, Contributory factors to economic strength, State universities by size in Canton Zürich, The official language in any municipality in German-speaking Switzerland is always German. Another Swiss city with a comparable status was Geneva, the so-called Protestant Rome, where John Calvin and his Protestant Reformers operated, as well as Basel. The "green lungs" of the city include the vast forest areas of Adlisberg, Zürichberg, Käferberg, Hönggerberg and Uetliberg. In the last ten years, this figure rose to more than 25%. A female who died in about 200 B.C found buried in a carved tree trunk during a construction project at the Kern school complex in March 2017 in Aussersihl.  The critique aims at badly governed traffic management at construction sites, missing possibilities to park bikes in the city as well as rather diffident ambitions.  The entire metropolitan area (including the cities of Winterthur, Baden, Brugg, Schaffhausen, Frauenfeld, Uster / Wetzikon, Rapperswil-Jona, and Zug) had a population of around 1.82 million people. One section of the Swiss German language licence fee-funded public radio station "Schweizer Radio DRS" is located in Zürich. ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. The curling season starts in early September and continues until the end of April. Additional measures such as special Velostationen providing bike related services are expected to help to further improve the quality. The present building of the Hauptbahnhof (the main railway station) dates to 1871. At a final stage, the network will consist of main routes (Hauptrouten) for everyday use and comfort routes (Komfortrouten), with the latter focussing on leisure cycling. Only 1640 feet away from Lake Zurich, this 4-star hotel in Rüschlikon features free access to the own spa area with a hot tub and sauna, a fitness center, and a bowling alley with 3 lanes. The next four most popular parties were the GPS (20.9%, +9.7), GLP (15.7%, +6.4), SVP (13.7%, -4.3), the FDP (11.8%, -2.2), the AL (4%, new), and the CVP (3.5%, -0.2). The race is held on 1 January each year and the start takes place at midnight exactly. Producing such a work was a highly expensive prestige project, requiring several years work by highly skilled scribes and miniature painters, and it clearly testifies to the increasing wealth and pride of Zürich citizens in this period. The Theater am Neumarkt is one of the oldest theatres of the city. There are authentic amusements: bars, punk clubs, hip hop stages, caribbean restaurants, arthouse cinemas, Turkish kebabs and Italian espresso-bars, but also sex shops or the famous red-light district of Zürich. Both Zurich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country. From the platform of the observation tower on the summit, an impressive panorama of the city, the lake, and the Alps can be seen. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Council of Zürich adopted an isolationist attitude, resulting in a second ring of imposing fortifications built in 1624. It has no known composer but likely originated in Russia. Before the Protestant Reformation reached Zürich, it was de jure and de facto Roman Catholic. Avg. The Old Town stretches on both sides of the Limmat, which flows from the lake, running northwards at first and then gradually turning into a curve to the west. It has two stages staging mostly avantgarde works by European directors.  The city is home to many financial institutions and banking companies. During the months April until September the sun shines between 150 and 215 hours per month. Zürich has been the home to several art movements. This artificial watercourse has been used for the construction of the third fortress in the 17th and 18th centuries. the third most expensive city in the world, behind Hong Kong and Tokyo and ahead of Singapore. 750-1050)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 09:40. Professional training incorporates a mix of practical work experience and academic study while, in general, emphasis is placed on obtaining a good level of general education and language ability. Some examples are the new disinfection section of the public city hospital in Triemli (Minergie-P quality – passive house)[clarification needed], the continued optimisation and creation of public transportation, enlargement of the bicycle-only network, research and projects for renewable energy and enclosure of speed-ways[clarification needed]. Other languages spoken here include: Croatian and Serbian (4.1%), Spanish (3.9%), Portuguese (3.1%), and Albanian (2.3%). Place on map. The abbess nominated the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city. Kimswerd, Súdwest-Fryslân Elevation on Map - 2.57 km/1.59 mi - Kimswerd on map Elevation : 0 meter / 0 foot. It was tomb quiet. 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